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How to do Tangible and Intangible Asset Valuation

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    Guide To Tangible and Intangible Asset Valuation

    Intangible Asset Valuation such as intellectual property (patent, copyright, trademark, trade secrets, goodwill, etc.) may be crucial in determining a company’s value.

    What value of these assets often brings business sales disputes between the business owner and the potential buyer or investor? Intangible assets have the capability of driving your business value. However, agreeing to the value of the Intangible Asset Valuation during sales can be challenging.

    How to do Tangible and Intangible Asset Valuation

    How to value intangible assets of your business

    To know how to value your Intangible Asset Valuation for business assets, you need first to understand what an intangible asset is all about. This is why we are starting with it as the first way of determining the value of your company’s intangible assets.

    1. Understand what is company’s intangible asset

    A business’s Intangible Asset Valuation do not exist in a physical form. They are not money and can’t be touched by hands or seen with eyes. The intangible assets include intellectual property, brands, trademarks, patents, non-compete agreements, customer lists, and the rest. These assets are in most times, called goodwill. They are different and separate. You will see them on a company’s balance sheet after buying another company. It can be seen too when a particular intangible asset is purchased separately.

    2. Hire an expert

    It is a good idea to hire an expert evaluator or appraiser to determine your company’s value. This will remove the possible dispute between the business owner and the potential buyer. Don’t just google to hire any appraiser. Get quotes from more than two chartered and experience business valuators and seek references too. The appraiser or evaluator you are hiring should know your industry.

    3. Understand the process

    The evaluator or appraiser gets the whole company’s value during valuation. The value established covers the value of all your intangible assets and the tangible ones. One of the standard methods used is calculating a multiple EBITDA, which stands for earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization. EBITDA is a parameter for determining the earnings a company can generate.

    The suitable multiple of your company has many factors that it depends on, such as market conditions and growth prospects. The value of your company’s intangible assets is gotten from removing the net assets value that appears on the balance sheet from the business’s overall value. The remaining is commonly called goodwill.

    4. Do a particular valuation

    The evaluator you hired can find the value of your intangible assets and choose one method out of others for the valuation. He can choose from the methods, including the royalty method, the excess earnings method, and the cost method. All of these valuation methods have where they function well.

    Some of the approaches you can use to determine the value of your intangible assets are:

    1. Market multiples method

    This method consists in:

    • Collecting financial and accounting data.
    • Studying your industry or similar industries – companies with similar business models and sizes.
    • Calculating relevant ratios and multiples

    2. Market approach method

    This is another method that can be used to find the value of your company’s intangible assets. It is based on the observations done in the market and the actual value of similar intangibles valuation known via public accounting data and business transactions.

    3. Royalty method

    This is the third method that can be used in determining the value of your intangible assets, in which trademark is one of them. Before using this method, consider the business, the location, and the reputation of the trademark.

    4. Method based on volume premiums or price

    This method consists of having the volume differentials a business can benefit from on the services or products marketed under the company’s intangibles observed and comparing it to similar products or services of other companies.

    5. Multi-period excess earnings method

    This method estimates the company’s profits and how intangibles contributed to it. It assesses income sharing resulting from cash flow and economical over profits or the resulting cash flows. Under this method, value is calculated by analyzing the incremental after-tax cash flows derived from the intangible asset over its remaining economic life.

    Final Thought

    Intangible assets such as intellectual property impact the value of a company, although they can’t be seen or touched. So, to get the best value for your company, have an appraiser hired to determine the best price for your business.

    Tangible Asset Valuation

    Many reasons can prompt one into making a business structure or establishment selling decision. Even though you can choose to sell your business, you will not love to sell it anyhow or below the company’s worth. To know the value of a business is not an easy task. Many things like the value of tangible assets are considered when the value of a company is discussed.

    Tangible Assets

    These are physical form properties a company owns. Examples of such tangible assets are equipment in the factory, land, building, inventory, and office equipment. Investments like stocks in other businesses and cash are included as tangible assets.

    How to know the value of tangible assets

    They include:

    Know the assets

    The first thing to do is know the tangible assets you want to see the value. From this step, you will have a good review of the assets to be valued and the approach to be used in the valuation. This will help you know if the assumed value is fair or not.

    Review your financial reports.

    It is to your advantage to have the financial reports of your company reviewed. Through it, you can comfortably answer some critical and pressing questions. Some of the questions are: What assets did the company invest in this year?

    What are the roles of the tangible assets? You don’t need to be the only one carrying out this review. Talk with your internal audit team or hire the expertise of an auditor to review the financial data of your business.

    1. Carry out financial analysis.

    Tangible assets in your company are valuable because, through them, money is generated for the smooth running of your company. Through tangible assets valuation in your company, you can quickly determine if the funds generated to justify the company’s property total value,

    Which requires analysis of financial records, customer turnover rates, and your company’s potential growth rate. From the review result, you will know the tangible assets generating massive amounts back into your business and those that don’t induce massive amounts.


    Some essential methods used for the valuation of tangible assets are

    1.  Comparison Method

    As stated above, this is one of the common methods of determining the value of tangible assets like land, buildings, etc. It is also called the market data approach or sales comparison approach.

    It is used commonly in finding the value of properties such as shops, warehouses, houses, offices, and companies. Several property features must be looked into while using this valuation method to find the value of a real estate property.

    They include the size, location, and condition of the property. Then look for these features mentioned above in many similar properties and compare them to determine your property’s valuation.

    2.  Costing method

    Under this method, all tangible assets are valued based on the cost incurred to build them. Here, potential buyers should not buy a tangible asset at a higher purchasing price than building or rebuilding another similar property. It is often used for assets built but not sold, such as buildings, factories, machinery, etc

    3.  Residual Method

    In the Residual method, tangible assets are valued for the residue life of the assets. This is generally estimated after the assets have fully depreciated or majority deprecated. Under this method, Tangible assets with limited life are suitable for this method. higher the remaining life of assets more is the value of the assets

    Residual Method = Estimated value for the remaining life of assets + Salvage value of the asset at the end +Cost for the maintenance of the assets– cost of asset disposal

    Final Verdict

    A company’s tangible assets are in physical form. They include equipment, land, building, and office machinery. To sell your company to a potential buyer, you need to know the value of your tangible assets as they have a role in the final value of your company. To get the value of your tangible assets, subtract the value of the intangible assets from the value of the total assets. The result is the value of your tangible asset.

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